What are the reasons for fluctuations in BP levels?March 17, 2022 2022-11-04 18:35
What are the reasons for fluctuations in BP levels?
An individual’s Blood Pressure (BP) level can indicate a lot about his/her health. Hence, it is imperative to consistently measure it using a BP monitoring machine. Slight fluctuation in BP level is normal to experience. These variations might happen due to changed exercise routines, sleeping patterns, eating habits, etc. However, violent spikes in BP may be a warning sign for underlying health issues which require your immediate attention.
Hypertension is one of the leading causes of premature deaths in India.  Still, 60-70% of the patients remain unaware of their condition in our country.  Regular BP checkups are necessary to ascertain the factors that can be controlled through treatment, medicines, or lifestyle changes.
The force with which blood flows across the circulatory system is defined as blood pressure. In this blog, we will share the different reasons due to which BP level fluctuates. Along with it, we will also give you some tips to control the fluctuations to consequentially avoid any severe health risks.
Factors That Lead To Blood Pressure Variation
Fluctuating BP level exposes people to a variety of health risks such as heart attack or stroke. The lack of diagnosis worsens the problem even more.
Following are some of the most prevalent reasons which lead to BP fluctuations:
We often find ourselves feeling anxious in a stressful situation. This feeling is the result of a spike in BP level. Stress triggers a surge in hormones leading the heart to beat faster and blood vessels to narrow. Avoiding stress can have a favorable effect on BP levels and minimize the chances of a heart attack in an individual.
Remedies To Avoid Stress
First and foremost it is necessary to get sufficient sleep for controlling stress. You can also simplify your daily schedule and include 30 minutes of physical exercise such as Brisk Walking or even Yoga. Whenever you find yourself in a stressful situation, remember to take deep breaths and relax. Take help of a specialist in case the need be.
Over-The-Counter (OTC) Medicines 
Some prescription drugs for cold and cough are known to contain decongestants such as Pseudoephedrine, naphazoline, oxymetazoline, etc. which lead to the narrowing of blood vessels to reduce nasal congestion. The narrowing of blood vessels can lead to a dangerous spike in BP levels proving harmful for patients.
Alternatives For OTC Medicines 
Use a saline spray to relieve congestion or use drugs that are prescribed for patients suffering from Hypertension. A pain reliever can be consumed to treat fever or body aches. Sufficient rest and consuming enough water is necessary for patients.
Exercising can lead to fluctuations in BP levels. These fluctuations are temporary and normal in most cases. The BP level should reset to normal following a small duration of rest followed by the exercise routine. If the BP level is spiked up dangerously or not returning to normal, it is advised that you consult a doctor immediately.
Exercising Moderately To Control BP
Before you plan any workout routine for yourself, it is important to consult with your health/fitness specialist. Choosing moderate exercise which does not require sudden changes in posture can help keep BP patients not only healthy but also safe.
Foods and drinks can have an adverse effect on BP levels. Processed food is often high on toxins that can lead to a surge in BP. Substances such as Tyramine can trigger high BP.
Changing Food Habits To Manage BP
It is important that you avoid caffeinated drinks, sodas, junk food, etc. Eat in small portions throughout the day instead of overeating at one single opportunity. Alternate sugar with healthier alternatives, include more vegetables, and consume a balanced diet to manage BP.
These remedies are in no way an alternative to a consultation with healthcare experts. It is advised that you get your BP regularly checked and consult a doctor. Although slight fluctuations are normal to occur, do get them checked if they are persistent.
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